Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law

School of Politics and International Studies

Research Student: Dr Melanie Antoniou

Power, Order and Change in International Politics: Is the Cosmocratical Community a Future Answer to Past and Present Power Politics?

Photo of Dr Melanie Antoniou

The cosmocratical community approach debates the possibility of the transition to a post-Westphalian model of international order by re-examining the concepts of power, order and change through the development of legally-binding institutional strategies. It combines the normative and rational value of order and the normative values of equality and justice, and replaces anarchy with the rule of law and multilevel governance at the international level.

Drawing on the insights of realism, liberalism and critical theories the cosmocratical community thesis develops the argument that, as opposed to an international order based on either balance of power (realism), voluntary cooperation (liberalism), or evolution of morality and identity change (critical theories), a legally-binding international order objectifies ordering principles in the international system, and offers prospects for equality, justice and peaceful mechanisms of change.

Through a two-level comparative empirical analysis and applying the method of immanent critique within the standards posed by the cosmocratical community approach, this PhD thesis then explores as to whether the suggested legally-binding international order is indeed attainable and policy relevant model of order.

Hence, the first level of comparative analysis examines how the internal developments of the EU - a "two-track" integration process that lacks a single legal order at its first and second pillar policies - affect the EU member states’ identities and behaviours and the Union’s identity and international performance.

The second level of analysis focuses on EU's international actorness and the American-led international order. It thus explores what are the prospects of the 'legal power Europe' to shape international politics towards a post-Westphalian legally-binding international order, in comparison with American foreign policy strategies and identity.

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