Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law

School of Politics and International Studies

Contact Details

Research Students

Dr Cristina Stefan (formerly Badescu)

Lecturer in International Relations

I joined POLIS in 2014, having taught international relations, transitional justice and peace and conflict studies in Canada, at Western University and at the University of Toronto.

I hold an M.A. (2002) and a Ph.D. (2007) in International Relations from The University of Western Ontario (Western University). I was a Visiting Fellow at The Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, The City University of New York, and a SSHRC Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. I returned to academic research after an interlude as a consultant for a public opinion research firm in Toronto.

I am the Co-Director of the European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (ECR2P).

I am also Convenor of the British International Studies Association Intervention and R2P Working Group (BISA IR2PWG) and a Senior Analyst with the Global Governance Institute in Brussels.

Research Interests

My research interests span the topics of the responsibility to protect (R2P), human protection, global institutional responsibility, prevention, and human rights.

My recent research has focused on the evolution and consequences of international norms and institutions, norm shaping exercises, issues related to civilian protection, and questions pertaining to the peace versus justice trade-off.

Current research projects deal with mass atrocity prevention, The European Union and R2P, and normative diffusion of the various components of the R2P agenda.


I teach on the following modules:

  • International Politics (PIED 1511)
  • Theories of International Relations (PIED 2501)
  • Responsibility to Protect and Prosecute (PIED 3502)

PhD Supervision

I welcome proposals from Ph.D. candidates in the areas of:

  • The Responsibility to Protect
  • Human Protection
  • Humanitarian Intervention
  • Conflict and Mass Atrocity Prevention
  • Theories of International Relations, in particular Constructivism and The English School approaches

Key Publications


Badescu, Cristina G. 2011. Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: Security and Human Rights. London: Routledge (2011 hardcover, 2012 paperback)

Journal Articles

Stefan, Cristina G. 2017. “On non-Western Norm Shapers: Brazil and the Responsibility while Protecting” European Journal of International Security, Vol. 2, Issue 1, pp. 88–110.

Stefan, Cristina G. 2016. “Brazil and the ‘responsibility while protecting’ initiative: norms and the timing of diplomatic support” Global Governance. Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 41-58 (with Kai M. Kenkel).

Stefan, Cristina G. 2016. “The Ethics of International Criminal ‘Lawfare’” International Criminal Law Review Vol. 16, Issue 2 (with Kirsten Fisher).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2014. “The Evolution of International Responsibility: from Responsibility to Protect to Responsibility While Protecting,” International Studies Journal, Vol. 11, Issue 1, Summer 2014, pp. 45-77. ISSN 1735-2045. In French and English.

Badescu, Cristina G. 2010. “Misrepresenting R2P and Advancing Norms: An Alternative Spiral?” International Studies Perspectives, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 354-374 (with Thomas Weiss).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2010. “Canada’s Continuing Engagement with United Nations Peace Operations” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 45-60.

Badescu, Cristina G. 2009. “The Responsibility to Protect and the Conflict in Darfur: The Big Let-down.” Security Dialogue, Vol. 40, Issue 3, pp. 287-309 (with Linnea Bergholm).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2007. “Authorizing Humanitarian Intervention: Hard Choices in Saving Strangers,” Canadian Journal of Political Science (CJPS), Vol. 40, Issue 1, pp. 51-78.

Book chapters

Stefan, Cristina G. Forthcoming 2016. “Canada and the International Responsibilities to Protect and Prosecute in Cases of Mass Atrocity”, in Neil Hibbert and David McGrane, eds., Contemporary Canadian Political Theory, Toronto: Toronto University Press (with Kirsten Fisher).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2010. “The African Union,” in David Black and Paul D. Williams, eds., The International Politics of Mass Atrocities: The Case of Darfur. London: Routledge (with Linnea Bergholm).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2009. “‘The Responsibility to Protect’: Embracing Sovereignty and Human Rights,” in Noha Shawki and Michaelene Cox, eds., Negotiating Sovereignty and Human Rights: Actors and Issues in Contemporary Human Rights Politics. Farnham: Ashgate.

Badescu, Cristina G. 2006. “State Sovereignty and ‘The Responsibility to Protect’” in Elliott Brown, ed., The State of the State: Business as Usual? Winnipeg: Centre for Defence and Security Studies.

Selected Grants, Awards, and Scholarships

  • 2017 - British Academy Rising Star Engagement Award, British Academy, UK. Project on “The Early Career Network on the Responsibility to Protect: Enhancing Women’s Engagement and Impact”
  • 2016 - Selected to 2016 Aurora Programme run by the Leadership Foundation for Higher Education, by the Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law, University of Leeds, UK
  • 2007-2009 - Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Canada
  • 2006-2007 - Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS), Canada
  • 2005-2006 - Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS), Canada
  • 2005-2006 - Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Doctoral Fellowship, Canada
  • 2005-2006 - Canadian Consortium on Human Security Doctoral Fellowship, the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) and The Canadian Consortium on Human Security (CCHS), Canada
  • 2004-2005 - Gracey Scholarship for Studies in Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict, University of Western Ontario, Canada
  • 2004-2005 - Robert A. D. Ford Scholarship for Social Sciences, the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Western Ontario, Canada
  • 2003-2004 - Gracey Scholarship for Studies in Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict, University of Western Ontario, Canada

Media Contact Areas

  • The Responsibility to Protect
  • The United Nations
  • Humanitarian Intervention
  • European Union and Responsibility to Protect
  • Conflict Prevention

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