Dr Adrian Gallagher discusses the Responsibility to Protect in Iraq
Dr Gallagher discusses the scale of war crimes in Iraq and the international community's responsibility to protect (R2P).
Entitled "How Many Have to Die? Iraq and the Scale of the Crime", the blog post is featured on the e-International Relations website.
Dr Gallagher comments on how recent graphic images of executions by the Isalamic State has fuelled the need for a decisive response from the international community to protect civilians under the R2P. He details the principles of the R2P agreement as set out in 2005. Having outlined this framework he states that "one can clearly see why the actions by ISIS raise R2P concerns with UN estimates suggesting ISIS are responsible for killing 1000 people and injuring another 1000 at ‘a minimum’ in the first two weeks of June 2014".
Continuing on the question is raised "Can a small scale example of an R2P crime occur without requiring an R2P response?". Dr Gallagher suggests that a literal reading of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document would clearly imply that there can be- "the international community has a responsibility to consider all examples of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing, albeit on a ‘case-by-case’ basis".