Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law

School of Politics and International Studies

Where do ex-MPs go? Life after Westminster

22 November 2007 |

Where do ex-MPs go? Life after Westminster

"There's nothing so ex as an ex-MP." To discover whether this was true, Professor Theakston, Dr Gouge and Dr Honeyman researched post-parliamentary life for former Members of Parliament. Their study discovered some surprising facts.

Commissioned by the Association of Former Members of Parliament, the research team asked more than 180 former MPs about aspects of their post-Parliamentary life. The team asked how difficult it was to find a job, the support they received from their political party and how it felt to lose their seat.

The study found that some former MPs struggled to find work and many earned less after leaving the House of Commons. Around half of those that did not retire voluntarily from the Commons said it had taken three to six months to find a new job. Just one fifth said they were able to find work immediately, or almost immediately. One in seven took over a year to find employment.

The report provides important new evidence about the social and psychological effects, and consequences, of being defeated in an election, or retiring from Parliament. Some 60 per cent of respondents had retired voluntarily, while 40 per cent had been defeated at a general election. Two fifths said they were making less money than when in Parliament, with one fifth earning "about the same".

One third said they were financially better off after losing their seats or standing down. Study co-author Professor Kevin Theakston said the findings are at odds with public perceptions that MPs are able to walk into lucrative jobs after Parliament.

"There has always been anecdotal evidence of ex-MPs who have suffered nervous breakdowns, marriage break-ups, depression, alcoholism and serious debts problems," he said.

"But our project is important because there has been virtually no systematic research into these issues: into what happens to former MPs and the experience of leaving parliament. Politics is a non-commercial career and our report shows that the idea that there are hundreds of ex-MPs walking into cushy and lucrative jobs is rubbish."

The report also found that many had difficulty adapting to life in the outside world, and felt isolated from the political party to which they had devoted much of their lives. Just over a quarter of former MPs said that they were able to return to the career or employment they had had before entering the House of Commons. But a third said they were not able to pick up their former careers or jobs.

One survey respondent said: "New jobs are not easy to come by." Another said: "Many MPs do not appreciate their skills on entering parliament will not be, and are not, relevant when they leave."

Many former MPs miss not being at the centre of British politics. One said: "I would wake up in the morning, listen to the radio, and form views on the issues of the day and then I realised that no one wanted to know what I thought."

A number of respondents felt that political parties should do more to help defeated MPs in adjusting and finding employment. More than half of the former MPs reported that they were politically active in the local area where they lived now.

Professor Theakston said: "The report will help puncture media and popular myths of the 'political gravy train' variety by showing what the real situation is in terms of former MPs' employment, earnings, and pensions."


The Association of Former Members of Parliament, a cross-party group with a current membership of more than 340, including two former Prime Ministers, commissioned the report Life after Losing or Leaving.

The research team sent out a questionnaire to 343 members of the Association of Former Members of Parliament in October 2006; 184 members responded. Of that number, 40 per cent had left the Commons by being defeated in an election, while 60 per cent had retired or, in a number of cases, saw their seats disappear in a boundary change. This included a small group, about one in ten of the sample, who chose to leave 'early' to move on and start a new career.

Please contact the following departments for further information.

  • Media relations at the University of Leeds on 0113 343 4031, or email the press office.
  • Professor Theakston on 0113 343 4391 or via email.

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