Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law

School of Politics and International Studies

Panel Programme

Democratization in Africa: Retrospective and Future Prospects

Below is the full conference programme for the two days. Please note at this stage it still maybe subject to change.

FRIDAY 4 DECEMBER

8.30 – 9.30 Registration and Introduction

Session 1: 9.30-11.00

Panel 1a: Electoral Authoritarianism in Africa

  • Wale Adebanwi (University of California) and Ebenezer Obadare (University of Kansas): 'The Abrogation of the Electorate: An Emerging African Phenomenon'
  • Shadrack Nasong'o (Rhodes College, Memphis): 'Multiparty Electoral Contests and Democratization in Africa: Change and Continuity in Kenya and Tanzania'
  • Justin Willis (Durham University): '"We changed the laws": practice and malpractice in Sudan's elections' 

Panel 1b: Local politics and democracy in Southern Africa

  • Thomas Koelble (University of Capetown) and Edward Lipuma (University of Miami): 'The Politics of Service Delivery in South Africa'
  • Charlotte Lemanski (University College London): 'The voices of the poor in urban governance: overlapping and competing spaces of community-level political participation in Cape Town'
  • Eddy Mazembo Mavungu (University of the Witwatersrand): 'People's democracy versus government's democracy: lessons from provincial boundary disputes in the post-apartheid South Africa' 

Panel 2b: Decentralisation and democracy in Africa

  • Asiyati Chiweza (University of Malawi): 'Decentralisation and state formation in rural Malawi'
  • I. W. Katono (Uganda Christian University) and Terrell Manyak (Uganda Christian University): 'Impact of Multiparty Politics on Local Government in Uganda'
  • Blessings Chinsinga (University of Malawi): 'The Interface between Local Level Politics, Constitutionalism and State Formation in Malawi through the Lens of the Constituency Development Fund (CDF)'

11.00-11.30 COFFEE / TEA BREAK

Session 2: 11.30-1.00

Panel 2a: Imperialism and Democracy [ROAPE panel]

  • Yao Graham: ‘Democracy and Imperialism in Africa’
  • David Williams: 'Good Governance and the Liberal Project'

Panel 2b: The state of democracy in Southern and Eastern Africa

  • Greg Cameron (University of Edinburgh) and Sara Rich Dorman (University of Edinburgh): 'Problems of nationalism and democracy in Zimbabwe and Tanzania'
  • Anthony Lemon (University of Oxford): 'The implications for opposition parties of South Africa's 2009 general election'
  • Hermann Wasserman (University of Sheffield): 'Deepening democracy or widening the rift? The political role of media in South Africa and Namibia'

Panel 2c: Traditional authority and democracy in Africa

  • Henry Chingaipe (University of York & University of Malawi): 'State Formation, Traditional Leadership and Multiparty Democracy in Malawi'
  • Wolfram Laube (University of Bonn): 'Democratisation of Polycentric Governance Structures: Dynamics of local political arenas in northern Ghana'
  • Aslak Orre (CMI Bergen): 'Democracy and traditional authority: compatible or mutually exclusive?' 

Panel 2d: Neo-patrimonialism, corruption and democratic politics

  • Lillian Cherotich (St. Anthony's College, Oxford University): 'Corruption and Democracy in Kenya'
  • Mufunanji Magalasi (University of Malawi): 'Malawian stage drama and post 1994 Democracy: From Du Chisiza's "Democracy Boulevard" to Nadzikambe's "Accidental death of Democracy"'
  • Stephanie Matti (La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia): 'An analysis of Congolese democratic institutions'

1.00-2.00 LUNCH

Session 3: 2.00 – 3.30

Panel 3a: Power sharing and democracy

  • Nic Cheeseman (University of Oxford): 'Power Sharing in Comparative Perspective: The Origins and Consequences of 'Unity Government' in Africa'
  • Lionel Cliffe (University of Leeds): 'Power-sharing in Kenya and Zimbabwe'
  • Christof Hartmann (University of Duisburg-Essen): 'Vertical Power-Sharing and Democratization in Africa'

Panel 3b: Religion and Democracy in Africa

  • Julia Leininger (German Development Institute, Bonn): 'Religion and Democracy in Africa: The Ban of Religious Parties and the Role of Islamic Actors in Mali’s and Senegal’s Democratizations'
  • Insa Nolte (University of Birmingham): 'No longer secular: Religion, democracy and the state in Nigeria'

Panel 3c: Traditional authority and democracy in modern Somaliland

  • Karl Sandstrom (University of St Andrews) 'Somaliland – Traditional Authority in Democracy'
  • Michael Walls (University College London) and Steve Kibble (Progressio): 'Somaliland: beyond the hybrid of 'traditional' and representative democratic systems'

3.30-4.00 COFFEE / TEA BREAK

Session 4: 4.00 – 5.30

Panel 4a: Power sharing in practice

  • George Omondi (African Research and Resource Forum (ARRF), Nairobi, Kenya): 'The challenges and prospects of coalition governments in Africa: examining the attempts by Kenya and Zimbabwe'
  • Philani Moyo (University of Fort Hare, South Africa): 'Zimbabwe’s Negotiated Inclusive Government: Is It a Messy Power-Sharing Experiment or a Positive Step Towards Democratisation?'

Panel 4b: Political institutions and democracy in West Africa

  • Francesca Dau (University of Rome 1, Sapienza): 'On African Parliaments: Constitutional and Electoral engineering in Plural Societies. (The case of Francophone African countries)'
  • David Enweremadu (Univerity of Ibadan, Nigeria): 'Judicial Reforms and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria: 1999-2009'
  • Stephen Akinyemi Lafenwa (University of Ibardan, Nigeria): 'The Legislature and the challenges of democratic governance in Africa: The Nigerian Case'

Panel 4c: Democracy and Local Power I [ROAPE Panel]

  • Janet Bujra: 'The Politics of the queue: PLHA Politicisation and AIDS activism in Tanzania'
  • Chambi Chachage: 'A Tale of Two Laws: Dual Democratization of Land Governance in Tanzania'
  • Giuliano Martiniello: 'Democratisation, traditional authorities and land rights in South Africa'

6.00 – 7.30 Keynote Lecture: Prof. Patrick Bond – 'African democratic currents during extreme economic crisis'

8.00 CONFERENCE DINNER

SATURDAY 5 DECEMBER

Session 5: 9.30-11.00

Panel 5a: Leadership and elections

  • Heather Deegan (Middlesex University, London): 'Revisiting elections in Africa'
  • Tom Hewitt (University of Birmingham): 'Elites and Elections in Africa'
  • Tom Lodge (University of Witwatersrand): 'Alternation and leadership succession in African Democracies'

Panel 5b: Democracy Promotion in Africa

  • Oda van Cranenburgh (Leiden University): 'Democracy Promotion in Africa: institutional issues'
  • Rachel Hayman (University of Edinburgh): 'When Good Performers Go Astray: Budget Support and Democratization in Africa'
  • Jelmer Kamstra (University of Nijmegen): 'What is it that NGOs contribute to democracy? The case of internationally-sponsored Research and Advocacy Organisations in Ghana'

Panel 5c: Democracy and Local Power I [ROAPE Panel]

  • Henning Melber: 'Democracy without democrats? Liberation movements as governments in Southern Africa'.
  • Lionel Cliffe (University of Leeds): 'The Promise of Liberation: Explaining the Failure - Comparisons of southern Africa and the Horn'

11.00-11.30 COFFEE / TEA BREAK

Session 6: 11.30-1.00

Panel 6a: Ethnicity and political mobilisation

  • Sebastian Elischer (GIGA Institute of African Affairs, Hamburg): 'It's Not the Economy Stupid! Structural Determinants of the Causes and Consequences of Ethnic Parties'
  • Ericka Albaugh (Bowdoin Col, Brunswick): 'Minority Recognition or Exclusion: Defining Citizenship in "Democratizing" Cameroon'

Panel 6b: Democracy Promotion in Africa II

  • Karen Del Biondo (Ghent University, Belgium): 'The EU approach to democracy promotion in Sub-Saharan Africa'
  • Olivia Rutazibwa (Ghent University, Belgium/EUI, Florence): 'How good intentions don’t seal the deal: The problematics of the EU’s ethical involvement in sub Saharan Africa'
  • Stephen Brown (University of Ottawa): 'Hybridity and Hypocrisy: Donor Discourse on Defective Democracy and Electoral Authoritarianism in Africa'

Panel 6c: Democracy and Local Power II [ROAPE Panel]

  • Gavin Hilson: 'A mouthpiece for the community? Chiefs and the "dual mining economy" in Ghana'
  • Miles Larmer (University of Sheffield): ‘Disciplined Democracy and Resource Nationalism in Zambia’s Third Republic: Results and Prospects

1.00-2.00 LUNCH

Session G: 2.00 – 3.30

Panel 7a: Elections and ethnic violence: The case of Kenya

  • Jørgen Elklit (University of Aarhus): 'Assessing the December 2007 Elections in Kenya'
  • Amukowa Anangwe (University of Dodoma, Tanzania): 'State, multi-party elections and ethnic violence in Kenya'
  • Mike Kuria (Daystar University, Nairobi, Kenya) and M/S Wambui Wamunyu (Daystar University, Nairobi, Kenya): 'Democracy and (de)tribalisation in Africa: Lessons from Kenya's Rift Valley Province'

Panel 7b: Donor Interests, Development Aid and Democratization

  • Warigia Bowman (University of Mississippi): 'The implementation of ICT policy in Rwanda'
  • Michael Keating (The American International University in London): 'The Politics of Democratization in Uganda: Donor Interests, Development Strategies, and Intra-Governmental Conflict'

Panel 7c: Crises of democratisation

  • Jérôme Bachelard (University of Geneva): 'Pressure struggles behind elections and coups: Madagascar's 2001-2002 and 2009 democratization crises in comparative perspective'
  • Lauren Leigh Hinthorne (University of York): 'Democratic Crisis or Crisis of Confidence? What local perspective frames tell us about Madagascar's 2009 Political Crisis'
  • Cyril Obi (Nordic Africa Institute): 'Taking Back Our Democracy? The Trials and Travails of Nigerian Elections since 1999'

3.30-4.00 COFFEE / TEA BREAK

Session H: 4.00 – 5.30

Panel 8a: Voting behaviour in modern Africa

  • Matthias Basedau (GIGA Institute of African Affairs, Hamburg), Gero Erdmann (GIGA Institute of African Affairs, Hamburg) & Alexander Stroh (GIGA Institute of African Affairs, Hamburg: 'Ethnicity and Voting Behaviour in Africa. Survey Evidence from Eight African Countries'
  • Virginia Kamowa (University of Leeds): 'Changing Election Trends in Malawi: Hope for Democracy Consolidation?'
  • John Lwanda (Dudu Nsomba Publications): 'MCP to DPP: Democratising from Autocracy or Autocratising Democracy?'

Panel 8b: External Agencies and Elections in Africa 

  • Anders Sjögren (Stockholm University): 'A tale of one election, two commissions and plenty of external agents: the Kenya 2007 Presidential election and its aftermath'
  • Konstantinos Magliveras (University of the Aegean) and Asteris Huliaras  (Harokopion University): 'Multilateral Institutions as Agents of Democracy: African Union and SADC Reactions to the Zimbabwe and Madagascar Crises'

Panel 8c: Democracy, Ethnic Diversity and the Politics of Inclusion

  • José Adrián Garcia-Rojas (University of La Laguna, Tenerife): 'Troubles in a Microstate: Instability, Violence and Federal Arrangements in Comoro Islands'
  • Paul Austin Stacey (Roskilde University): 'Decentralization and ethnicity in Ghana'
  • Danielle Beswick (University of Birmingham): 'Democracy, identity and the politics of exclusion in post-genocide Rwanda: the case of the Batwa'

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